Reog Ponorogo, The Traditional Dance from East Java


Reog is one of the cultural arts from Eastern Java, INDONESIA. The city gate was decorated by the figure of Ponorogo Warok and Gemblak, two figures who have appeared when Reog is performed. Reog is one of local cultures in Indonesia which still believes in the mystical. There are five versions of the popular story that have developed in the community about the origins of Reog and Warok. But one of the most famous stories is the story of Ki Ageng Kutu rebellion, a royal servant during Bhre Kertabumi, the last king of Majapahit who ruled in the 15th century. Ki Ageng Kutu was angry because of strong influence from party colleagues in the govenment and king’s corrupt behavior. He also saw the trend that the power of Majapahit Kingdom would end. He then left the King and founded the institutuon where he taught young children with martial arts, self-immunity, and the science of perfection in the hope that these young children would be the seeds of revival in Majapahit Kingdom. Realizing that his forces were too small to fight the royal troops. Ki Ageng

Composing a Photo Reference With Photoshop

Artist Pam Powell uses her computer to piece together the perfect photo references for her figure paintings.

Private Thoughts (oil, 24×36) by Pam Powell

My computer is a great creative tool. It helps me determine composition and, once I start painting, it gives me good color reference and the ability to enlarge any portion of my reference image; however, I caution the beginner not to think that the use of a computer can replace learning fundamental drawing and painting skills. The computer is just another tool in the artist’s arsenal.  The following is a simple example of how I use Photoshop to create my photo references.

1  This photo of my model Jessica features a great reflection. The shot became my first reference photo for my projected painting.

2  I remembered that I had a great photo of another model, Jesse, in his black leather jacket. I had my second reference shot.

3  Using the Photoshop cutting tool, I removed Jesse’s body from its original background, flipped the body to face the opposite direction, and added it

Vector graphics

There are many way to drawing. Drawing is an activity of forming images activity , using many techniques and tools options . It could also mean making certain signs on the surface by treating strokes of the drawing tools . Popularly known as perpetrators Runner / draftsman , which is one part of the artist’s work . Human history is known to have tried to make the work of drawing since prehistoric times . These activities are then spread in Europe since the 1400s as the development of the use of paper . Since then , each century has produced works of great drawing.

And now, we can drawing with digital tools. There are several application to drawing in digital tools, from the simple to the detail application. Like paint, Photoshop, corel draw, illustrator, etc.

Now we will share how to drawing vector with vector application like Corel or Illustrator.
A vector graphic uses math to draw shapes using points, lines and curves. So whereas a raster image of a 1” x  1” square at 300 dpi will have 300 individuals pieces of information, a vector image will only contain four points, one for each corner; the computer


COMICS are a series of drawings, usually arranged horizontally on the page of a newspaper, a magazine, or a book, that read as a narrative. The drawings carry the story, but words may appear to enhance the narration. Text, when included, often relies on the use of conversation to convey information and on onomatopoeic sounds, such as Wham! Pow! Slam!, to complement the action. The Yellow Kid (1895) was among the first to regularly employ text within the narrative frame by writing words on the shirt of “the Kid.” Since the late nineteenth century, comics have usually featured a regular cast of characters, and contain either a complete story or a series of episodes.

Modern comics have several forms: the single-frame story, in which one picture conveys the entire tale, relies heavily on familiar characterization and sequence of spatial relationships within the frame; the gag strip, made up of three or four pictures with a joke in the last frame, such as Sad Sack (1942); the serial strip, which shows a new piece of the story every day or once a week, such as Terry and the Pirates (created in 1934 by Milton Caniff); and the comic book, in which complete

Magill artists discover why drawing is thriving in a world of electronic entertainment

With a world of ever-growing electronic entertainment now at our fingertips, the primal art of drawing is making a comeback.

Our choice has never been more varied for forms of stimulation and entertainment, but the simplicity of a pencil and paper is drawing adults into art classes.

“It’s just that personal achievement you get from drawing,” Angy Anderson, a student at the Drawing for the Terrified class at the Pepper Street Art Centre, said.

Recently retired, Ms Anderson said she was looking for something to learn for her personal satisfaction when she found the course.

“It’s one of the most relaxing things I have ever done,” she said.

“Once you start, you get into a zone, and you just find that you relax and everything outside or anything you might have been thinking about just goes.”

As felt with many other forms of art, Ms Anderson described her feelings when drawing as trance-like.

“Time just goes away,” she said.

In the fifth week of her course, with fellow students Sue Wright and Ildiko Tessenyi, Ms Anderson said she was already noticing great progress in her skills.

“Some of the things that I have drawn I have been quite proud of,” she said.

The simplicity of drawing revitalised in a

Vector Art, Utilizing the Colors of the Seasons

In today’s article, I’m going to show you twenty pieces of amazing vector art, which have color themes that are associated with the four seasons

What’s surprising to know that although we think of Winter as being the cool season, a Summer palette is also one which is dominated by cool tones. A cool palette is blue dominated. When we think of Winter, we think of it being a cold season and often think of ice and snow. Winter palettes contain cool colors such as blues, whites and grays. We sometimes think of Winter as being a depressing season, we’re not outside basking in the sun and when we do we’re too cold to have fun, which is why palettes for this season are often less saturated than other seasons

Spring colors are warmer in comparison, along with Autumn/Fall, they are seasons with a yellow influence. We associate growth and nature with this season.

Typically a Spring palette would contain a lot of green, but of a high saturation and leaning to a yellow/green as a blue/green would be cooler in comparison. A bold varied palette works well, with the colors focused on

Mastering Calligraphy: How to Write in Roundhand Script

For our first tutorial in “Mastering Calligraphy”, we’re going to start with an easy alphabet that uses the two basic strokes we learned in the easy introduction. Just those two strokes make up a majority of the letters in the Roundhand Script alphabet. We’ll be breaking the letters into similar groups and mastering both the lowercase and uppercase letters. So let’s get started!

What You’ll Need
roundhand script – supplies

  • Pencil
  • Eraser
  • Black Ink (preferably Speedball or Higgins waterproof ink)
  • Practice sheet
  • Pen holder (the black part of the pen above)
  • Flat tipped pen nib (the shiny gold part of the pen above)

1. Review the Introduction Lesson

Before we dive into Roundhand Script, let’s warm up our hands. We’re going to go back to the introduction lesson and do a line or two of the basic strokes again to make sure we’re ready to go.
Step 1

Print out four or five of the practice sheets on a nice card stock or Bristol paper.
Step 2

Practice the basic downward stroke for one or two lines to warm up.
roundhand script- basic downstroke line
Step 3

Practice the basic curve stroke for one or two lines to warm up.
roundhand script – basic curve line

Okay! Now we’re ready to start. In

How Arts and Cultural Strategies Create, Reinforce, and Enhance Sense of Place

Arts and culture strategies help to reveal and enhance the underlying identity — the unique meaning, value, and character — of the physical and social form of a community. This identity is reflected through the community’s character or sense of place. A community’s sense of place is not a static concept; rather, it evolves and develops over time, reflecting the spectrum of social values within and around the community.

In this way, the community character of a city, county, town, or neighborhood can be seen as a story or narrative of a place. Planners and community members can come together to reveal and burnish this narrative through:

  • an articulation of the historic, cultural, economic, and cultural context of the community;
  • a commitment to the reinforcement and enhancement of the community’s identity; and
  • the implementation of policies, regulations, and incentives that support and enhance this evolving identity.

Awareness of community identity and character is strengthened by the consideration of all community interests in decision- making processes; the integration of arts and cultural resources with civic visioning programs; and the balancing of the inherent conflicting nature of past, present, and future social values.


This brief explores how arts and culture strategies can be used to understand community context,

Arts and Culture Of Java

Characteristics of Javanese culture is very complex. The island has a wide range of cultures, from the primitive, traditional, to modern. Like we said at overview of Java Indonesia, The majority ethnic population of Java island is Javanese and Sundanese. In general, the Javanese inhabiting the center and eastern part of Java while the Sundanese in the the western area. Every single area has its own culture and traditional art.

Jakarta has its own culture, namely “Betawi”. Which the influences reached this Special Capital District for centuries. This Betawi culture is uniquely blending Arab, Portuguese, Chinese, and Dutch elements with native ingenuity such as Malay and Sundanese has produces the colorful. The word “Betawi” is came from “Batavia”, the old name of Jakarta during the Dutch administration.

In Banten province, there are Baduy tribe. Baduy tribe in a native Banten peoples still maintain the anti-modernity, both in garments and others. Baduy tribes living in the area Kendeng Mountains. Baduy dwellings are generally located in river basins in the mountains Kendeng. Banten is also famous for its Debus art. Debus is martial art associated. This traditional and mystical arts combined with dance, voice, and magic.

In West Java province is Sundanese. Sundanese live in

Borneo’s Traditional Tattoos

The legacy of Polynesian tattoo began over 2000 years ago and is as diverse as the people who wear them. Once widespread in Polynesian societies across the Pacific Ocean, the arrival of western missionaries in the 19th century forced this unique art form into decline. Despite the encroachment of Christian religious beliefs that vilified tattooing as unholy, many Polynesian tattoo artists maintained their vital link to their culture’s history by preserving their unique craft for generations.

For Borneo’s Dayak peoples, spirits embody everything: animals, plants, and humans, Krutak explained. Many groups have drawn on this power by using images from nature in their tattoos, creating a composite of floral motifs using plants with curative or protective powers and powerful animal images.

Tattoos are created by artists who consult spirit guides to reveal a design. Among Borneo’s Kayan people, women are the artists, a hereditary position passed from mother to daughter. Among the Iban, the largest and most feared indigenous group in Borneo, men apply the tattoos.

These tattoos are blue-black, made of soot or powdered charcoal, substances thought to ward off malevolent spirits. Some groups spike their pigment with charms—a ground-up piece of a meteorite or shard of animal bone—to make

Martial Arts


Martial arts cover a broad range of activities that involve fighting techniques, physical exercises, and methods of mental discipline, among other skills. Martial arts originated in the ancient cultures of Asia, and are used today around the world for self-defense, exercise , health, spiritual growth, law enforcement, and athletic competition.


Very few activities have as many legends and myths surrounding them as do martial arts. Hundreds of practices are included under the title of martial arts, and some of these were passed down in secrecy for many generations. Furthermore, martial arts developed in countries that have been historically isolated from the Western world. Thus, there are many conflicting theories and opinions concerning the origins of martial arts. What is known is that martial arts began in the ancient cultures of Asia, including China, India, and Japan. In both China and India, artifacts from 2,000 to 4,000 years old have been found with paintings of people striking possible martial arts poses. Qigong , one of the oldest systems that may be considered a martial art, is believed by some historians to be 5,000 years old or older, originating in ancient China. Some scholars trace the development of martial arts much later to

Parkour and The Art

The stunning and unique movement discipline of parkour / freerunning has captured the imagination of audiences all over the world, taking centre stage in Hollywood movies, television commercials, event launches, viral videos with hundreds of millions of views and more.

Parkour Generations has worked closely with some of the world’s leading artistic organisations, fusing our own special form of movement with ballet, hip-hop, stage theatre, performance art and interactive theatre to create unique shows the likes of which have never been seen before.

For us, parkour can be applied to any paradigm in order to enhance, support and mould a powerful and memorable performance and an art-form all of its own. This is Parkour and the Arts (PATA).


We pride ourselves on bringing over ten years of experience in fusing parkour with a wide variety of art forms to be able to choreograph innovative, unique and spectacular performances. Whether it be dance, from classical ballet to hip-hop, performance art, live music or alternative display forms such as urban sports, our choreography team will find the right blend to inject something new into any show.


History of Street Dance

Street dance, formally known as vernacular dance, refers to dance styles–regardless of country of origin–that evolved outside of dance studios in any available open space such as streets, dance parties, block parties, parks, school yards, raves, and nightclubs.

They are often improvisational and social in nature, encouraging interaction and contact with spectators and other dancers.
These dances are a part of the vernacular culture of the geographical area that they come from.
Two examples of street dance include b-boying (or breakdancing), which originated in New York City, and Melbourne Shuffle which originated in Melbourne, Australia.

Traditional jazz dance, having existed since the late nineteenth century, is perhaps one of the oldest street dances of urban America. Street dance is often considered urban folk dance. Since many concepts of urbanization have existed for a long time back in history, the point of which folk dance is to be considered a more historical street dance is often broad and unknown.

Street dance and folk dance are distinguished by when the terms were introduced for, the term ‘street dance’ as a compound noun has been believed to have existed since beginning of the early 20th century, whereby Afro-American vernacular dance was becoming the most popular

Street art and graffiti

Graffiti and street art are inextricably linked. The word graffiti comes from the Italian graffare meaning to scratch, as in on a surface. Yet, today the term graffiti means any sort of unsanctioned application of a substance, whether it is spray paint, pencil markings, or even stickers.

From the graffiti scrawled on the walls of the ancient city of Pompeii, socio-political murals in Northern Ireland from groups like the IRA and Sinn Féin, to communal projects like The Great Wall of Los Angeles, scholars have begun to recognize the importance of and value of these communications and political statements. Graffiti is now recognized as a legitimate source of academic study, and it is being studied as a reaction to injustice and disenfranchisement, a cry for revolution, a way to create awareness of socio-political issues, an expression of hope for the future, an effort to reclaim public spaces, or an attempt to beautify the urban environment, among others. In fact, some scholars have even studied graffiti specific to libraries, as Quinn Dombrowski did for her Crescat Graffiti, Vita Excolatur project wherein she documented graffiti found in the Regenstein Library at the University of Chicago from 2007 to 2011.

The present-day

Quick and Easy Oil Painting Techniques for Beginners

Oil Painting Techniques You Can Try Today

What is exciting about exploring oil painting techniques is that your learning can be so immediate! When I took my first oil painting lessons, I remember leaving class feeling like I had just swallowed an encyclopedia. That is how easy it was to learn oil painting from where to start with color mixing and understanding pigment strength to brushwork and more!

That’s why I am so eager to share a few oil painting tips that you can learn and practice right now, which will not only introduce you to a few essential oil painting basics, but you will also be able to use these approaches as building blocks for further and more advanced painting forays.

Learn Oil Painting Techniques for Tinting Strength

Knowing how to use oil paints starts with discovering the tinting strength of each color on your oil painting palette. For example, Prussian blue and alizarin crimson have very strong tinting strengths just a small amount of either color added to white makes a vivid tint. On the other hand, terre verte and raw umber have weaker tinting strength and turn pale when mixed with just a little bit of white.

Photoshop Techniques to Create Photo Reference

Adobe PhotoShop is a more advanced art program than what normally comes with your computer; to use it effectively, you need to have an idea of how it works. Knowing multiple methods of coloring, sketching, filling, outlining and shading (all detailed in the steps below) will ensure your artwork is something you’re proud to show off.

Digital Techniques in the Art Studio

Working with people in their own spaces, instead of the light-controlled painting studio, creates constant challenges for the portrait painter. Often the location is so much of the story of the painting, any assistance in data collection is valued.

Digital has changed the way we use photography. Its greatest asset is the obvious ability to shoot and immediately see what was captured. It’s particularly useful when working with large outdoor sculptures or at locations that have finicky weather. Constantly active children and their pets pose different challenges. Props that are too large or too valuable to move to the studio for a later sitting also need to be photographed. Also, military uniforms with their intricate insignias, ribbons, braid and exacting details; wedding dresses; debutante gowns or any clothing with complicated designs, beading or lace are more easily painted from life in

Drawing Tutorials, Tips, Ideas & More for the Beginner Artist

Step-by-step drawing lessons for beginners

Successful artists always seem to list drawing art as the constant “helping hand” activity that they go back to when they are stumped and need to refresh themselves or sharpen their techniques. Through simple drawings, you can make discoveries about your own artistic style and further enhance how you see.

Drawing Basics: Love the Line

Drawing ideas often spring from the medium itself. A stray mark or pencil stroke can bring to mind so many possibilities, from the feathers on an owl’s wing to the profile of distant mountain peaks. That’s why it is so important to spend time just free drawing that will give you the opportunity to learn to love line.

So take time as you work through drawing tutorials to work only with line. Create simple drawings using hatchings and crosshatchings alone. Discover how you can layer line, or use different sides of your implement for smooth and crisp marks or smeary strokes. Decent drawing tutorials will tell you the same because drawing basics like this are what allow you to really command the best from the medium, be it graphite, charcoal, pastels, or any other implement you choose to draw with.

Delve into more drawing tips

Quick and Easy Oil Painting Techniques for Beginners

Oil Painting Techniques You Can Try Today

What’s exciting about exploring oil painting techniques is that your learning can be so immediate! When I took my first oil painting lessons, I remember leaving class feeling like I had just swallowed an encyclopedia. That is how easy it was to learn oil painting from where to start with color mixing and understanding pigment strength to brushwork and more!

That’s why I am so eager to share a few oil painting tips that you can learn and practice right now, which will not only introduce you to a few essential oil painting basics, but you will also be able to use these approaches as building blocks for further and more advanced painting forays.

Learn Oil Painting Techniques for Tinting Strength

Knowing how to use oil paints starts with discovering the tinting strength of each color on your oil painting palette. For example, Prussian blue and alizarin crimson have very strong tinting strengths just a small amount of either color added to white makes a vivid tint. On the other hand, terre verte and raw umber have weaker tinting strength and turn pale when mixed with just a little bit of white. A

3 Easy Steps You Can Take to Learn to Paint

Painting for Beginners: Learn How to Paint! 

Painting for beginners and painting for more advanced artists do not involve totally different processes. Only the familiarity with basic painting instruction and the ease of executing those technical steps is what separates a beginner painter from an advanced one.

To learn how to paint—right here and right now—start with three easy steps that will allow you to grow in confidence and skill as an artist.

1. Learn Oil Painting Step By Step: What Your Materials Are All About

There are dozens of beginner oil painting lessons out there. But the first, and most crucial, step of painting instruction is coming to know your materials. All oil painting lessons start there because knowing how your paints respond allows you to fully understand how to exploit them to their fullest potential, and how to avoid any big mistakes.

Traditional oil paints consist of ground pigments combined with a drying oil, such as linseed, walnut, or poppyseed oil. A “drying oil” is one that absorbs oxygen from the air, which causes it to dry and harden over time, forming a flexible and resistant surface. Each pigment requires a different amount of oil to reach the consistency needed for painting.

Photo to Painting: How to Use a Photo Reference in Your Art

6 Reference Photography Tips and Tricks to Create Lifelike Artwork

Using a photo reference is a convenient and rewarding way to make drawings and paintings if it is done right. But there are a few pitfalls to avoid, so if you are interested in ways to go from photo to painting, these six tips on painting from photo references are for you along with our editor picks of the top resources for painting from photographs as well!

  • Don’t forget that when you want to transform a photo into a painting, first look at the scene, person, or composition with your own two eyes if possible. Take in the view, make mental notes, and memorize the scene. Only then take out your camera and photograph your composition carefully.
  • As you turn photo into painting, remember that consistency in your treatment of the light source is key to a convincing painting. So look at your photo and ask yourself, where is the light coming from?
  • Shadows are crucial to study when you are going from photos to paintings. Often times you can lose the light in the shadows with a photograph, so be sure to interpret these hidden areas when it comes time to paint them.
  • Even